America in Transition Study Guide

Chapter 12: Reconstruction

 

Identify and Give the Significance

Pardon

 

Impeach

 

Reconstruction

 

Carpetbagger

 

Scalawag

 

Sharecropper

 

Infrastructure

 

Tenant farmer

 

13th Amendment

 

14th Amendment

 

15th Amendment

 

Civil Rights

 

Freedman’s Bureau

 

Black Codes

 

Radical Republicans

 

Pocket Veto

 

Enforcement Act of 1870

 

Solid South

 

Compromise of 1877

 

Explain why the Radical Republicans opposed President Lincoln’s Reconstruction plan.

 

Explain the Reconstruction policies of both President Lincoln and President.

 

Explain the purpose, goals and successes of the Freedmen’s Bureau.

 

Explain how and why Southern state governments restricted the rights of former slaves.

 

Explain the purpose and provisions of the Radical Republicans’ Reconstruction Act of 1867.

 

Explain how during Reconstruction, southern governments tried to improve economic conditions in the South.

 

List and explain the major successes and failures of Reconstruction in the South.

 

Explain the main goal and methods of the Ku Klux Klan during Reconstruction.

 

Explain how white southerners reversed Reconstruction era reforms once they regained control of state governments.

 

Describe how Rutherford B. Hayes ended Reconstruction when he became President in 1877.

 

Explain the philosophy of President Lincoln’s as he developed his plan for Reconstruction.

 

Explain why the Radical Republicans objected to President Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction.

 

List and explain the series of laws passed by the Radical Republicans to protect the civil rights of African Americans.

 

Describe the reasons and verdict of President Johnson’s impeachment trial.

 

Describe the characteristics of agriculture in the South after the Civil War.

 

List and explain the reasons why by the mid-1870s, many Americans were tired of Reconstruction.

 

Explain how Rutherford B. Hayes was declared the winner of the 1876 presidential election.

 

Describe the condition the Civil War left the South.

 

Explain why many poor white southern laborers could no longer find work after the Civil War.

 

Compare and contrast the presidential Reconstruction plans of Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson.

 

Explain why Johnson freely gave pardons to southern officials.

 

Explain the needs and desires of the newly freed African Americans to the federal government to after the Civil War.

 

Explain the role churches played in black society in the post Civil War South.

 

Explain what Congress did to help black southerners adjust to freedom.

 

Explain how and why white southerners began to enact laws that gave whites power over African Americans.

 

Explain the various parts and purposes of the Fourteenth Amendment.

 

Explain the purpose effect of the Reconstruction Act of 1867.

 

Describe the chain of events that caused Johnson to be impeached when he violated the Tenure of Office Act.

 

Explain the purpose and effect of the Fifteenth Amendment on black men.

 

Describe the role of carpetbaggers and scalawags in the Reconstruction governments.

 

Explain how tenant farming encouraged the rise of a new class of wealthy in the South.

 

Explain what contributed to the South’s postwar industrial growth.

 

Explain how the money from taxes was used for improving infrastructure in the South after the Civil War.

 

Explain the measures Congress used to address the Klan’s use of terror.

 

Explain the effect and purpose of the Compromise of 1877.

 

Explain the goals and philosophy of Congressional Reconstruction.

 

Explain why the Southern states adopted the northern system of mandatory, tax- supported education.

 

Explain how during the era of Reconstruction women fought unsuccessfully the ability to vote.

 

Did the Reconstruction policies of the North result in success or failure politically, economically and socially in the post war South?